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Resources

The links below are to additional sources of information on the environmental issues covered in the document. This is not necessarily exhaustive but provides signposts to useful additional material. Where appropriate we have included hyperlinks to relevant sources of information.

Offshore

Marine Mammals
  Function Title
Guidance EIA good guidance Guidance on the Assessment of Effects on the Environment and Cultural Heritage from Marine Renewable Developments
JNCC guidance The protection of marine European Protected Species (EPS) from injury and disturbance: Guidance for the marine area in England and Wales and the UK offshore marine area
JNCC guidance Statutory Nature Conservation Agency Protocol for Minimising the Risk of Injury to Marine Mammals from Piling Noise
IEEM guidance Guidelines for Ecological Impact Assessment in Britain and Ireland: Marine and Coastal
The Crown Estate guidance Approaches to Marine Mammal Monitoring at Marine Renewable Energy Developments: Final Report.
CEFAS guidance Guidelines for data acquisition to support marine environmental assessments of offshore renewable energy projects.
Scottish Natural Heritage guidance Guidance on survey and monitoring in relation to marine renewables deployments in Scotland (Royal Haskoning 2011).
Scottish Government guidance Consenting, EIA and HRA Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland.
Policy International Nature Policy Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
European wide, Nature Conservation Policy Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas (ASCOBANS)
Europe wide, Nature Conservation Policy The Berne Convention (1979)
Europe wide, Nature Conservation Policy Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North- East Atlantic
Europe wide, Nature Conservation Policy The Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations (2010)
UK Policy Guidance Offshore Marine Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations (as amended) (2007)
UK Policy Guidance The Habitats Regulations 1994 (as amended in Scotland 2008)
UK Policy Guidance UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework
Key contacts UK government nature conservation advisory body -England Natural England
UK government nature conservation advisory body – Wales Countryside Council for Wales
UK government nature conservation advisory body - Scotland Scottish Natural Heritage
UK government nature conservation advisory body - Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Environment Agency
UK government nature conservation advisory body Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body. Marine Management Organisation
Fisheries surveys and data collection Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science
Marine wildlife NGO Marine Conservation Society (MCS)
Fish and Shellfish
  Function Title
Guidance EIA good guidance Guidance on the Assessment of Effects on the Environment and Cultural Heritage from Marine Renewable Developments
CEFAS guidance Guidelines for data acquisition to support marine environmental assessments of offshore renewable energy projects
EIA guidance - Scotland Consenting, EIA and HRA Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland.
CEFAS Marine Consent Policy Offshore wind-farms: guidance notes for EIA in respect of FEPA and CPA requirements
Policy UK Policy Guidance The Offshore Marine Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 2007
UK Policy Guidance The Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010
UK Policy Guidance The Habitats Regulations 1994 (as amended in Scotland 2008)
Key contacts Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body. Marine Management Organisation
UK government nature conservation advisory body Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)
Fisheries surveys and data collection Centre for Environment, Aquaculture Science (Cefas)
UK government nature conservation advisory body - England Natural England
UK government nature conservation advisory body - Wales Countryside Council for Wales
Fisheries regulations Inshore Fisheries Conservation Authorities (IFCA’s)
Fisheries regulation (Scotland) Inshore Fisheries Groups
Regulated designated areas of UK coast Local Fisheries Committee
Maritime safety and pollution prevention International Maritime Organization
Marine Ecology and Nature Conservation
  Function Title
Guidance EIA good practice Guidelines for ecological impact assessment in Britain and Ireland. Marine and Coastal. IEEM (2010)
EIA guidance Consenting, EIA and HRA Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland.
International Maritime Organization guidelines Guidelines for the control and management of ships' biofouling to minimize the transfer of invasive aquatic species
Policy UK energy policy Overarching National Policy Statement (NPS) for Energy (EN-1). DECC (2011)
Policy guidance for different EIA areas National Policy Statement for Renewable Energy Infrastructure DECC 2011
Europe wide nature conservation policy EU Habitats Directive
Key contacts Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body. Marine Management Organisation
UK government nature conservation advisory Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)
Fisheries surveys and data collection Centre for Environment, Aquaculture Science (Cefas)
Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body Scottish Natural Heritage
UK government nature conservation advisory body – Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Environment Agency
Ornithology
  Function Title
Guidance EIA guidance Guidance on the Assessment of Effects on the Environment and Cultural Heritage from Marine Renewable Developments.
EIA guidance Guidelines for Ecological Impact Assessment in Britain and Ireland, Marine and Coastal
CEFAS report for EIA guidance Guidelines for data acquisition to support marine environmental assessments of offshore renewable energy projects.
Cefas. Report reference: ME5403 - Module 15. Issue date: 10th March 2011
European bird guidance Nature conservation guidance on offshore wind farm development. A Guidance Note on the Implications of the EC Wild Birds and Habitats Directives for Developers
European bird guidance Developing Guidance on Ornithological Cumulative Impact Assessment for Offshore Wind Farm Developers (COWRIE, 2009).
Policy UK energy policy Overarching NPS for Energy(EN-1)(DECC 2011a)
UK renewable energy policy National Policy Statement for Renewable Energy Infrastructure (EN-3), July 2011(Section 2.6)
EU Policy Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds (The Birds Directive)
UK legislation The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981
UK policy guidance The UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP)
Legislation Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC) Act 2006
Legislation The Nature Conservation(Scotland) Act 2004(as amended)
Legislation Wildlife and Natural Environment(Scotland) Act 2011;
Key contacts Bird information British Trust for Ornithology(BTO)
Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body. Marine Management Organization
UK conservation group on bird species. Royal Society for Protection of Birds
Seascape and Visual
  Function Title
Guidance Landscape guidance Landscape Character Assessment: Guidance for England and Scotland
IEMA guidance Guidelines for Landscape and Visual Effect Assessment, second edition
CCW guidance Guide to Best Practice in Seascape Assessment
Scottish guidance Visual Representation of Wind Farms: Good Practice Guidance
UK legislation Guidance on the Assessment of the Effect of Offshore Wind Farms: Seascape & Visual Impact Report
Policy UK policy guidance NPS for Electricity Network Infrastructure(EN-5)(DECC, 2011c).
Key contacts UK government natural environment advisory body - Scotland Natural England
UK government natural environment advisory body - Scotland Countryside Council for Wales
Historic places and archaeological remains - England English Heritage
UK government natural environment advisory body Joint Nature Conservation Committee(JNCC)
UK government natural environment advisory body - Scotland Historic Scotland
UK government natural environment advisory body – Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Environment Agency
Commercial Fisheries
  Function Title
Guidance UK government policy Marine Licensing requirements(replacing Section 5 Part II of the Food and Environmental Protection Act 1985 and Section 34 of the Coast Protection Act 1949)
Local recommendations British Wind Energy Association (2004)
EIA practice Offshore Wind farms, Guidance note for Environmental Impact Assessment In respect of FEPA and CPA requirements – Version 2
SEA Guidance UK Offshore Energy – Strategic Environmental Assessment. 2009
Fisheries guidance Recommendations for Fisheries Liaison May 2008
UK industry-oil and gas Fisheries Liaison Guidelines – Issue 5, 2008
UK Offshore Operators Association August 2006. Guidelines to Improve Relations between Oil & Gas Industries and Near-shore Fishermen,
International cable practice February 2006 Fishing and Submarine Cables – Working Together
Cefas Fishmaps/Fish DAC Data on spawning and nursery grounds for fish and shellfish species
Scottish Government Consenting, EIA and HRA Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland.
SeaFish Assessment Guidance Best Practice Guidance for Fishing Industry Financial and Economic Impact Assessments.
Policy UK energy policy Overarching National Policy Statement (NPS) for Energy (EN-1). DECC (2011)
National policy for renewable energy. National Policy Statement for Renewable Energy Infrastructure (EN-3), July 2011(Section 2.6)
Key contacts Applied marine science centre. Fisheries surveys data collection Centre for Environment, Aquaculture Science (Cefas)
Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body. Marine Management Organisation (MMO)
Regulation in UK districts Inshore Fisheries Conservation Authorities (IFCAs)
Stock assessment, advice centre, plans and coordinates marine research. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
Pan-industry fisheries body Seafish
Marine lanning fisheries and marine regulation body Marine Scotland
Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body The Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD)
Marine and Physical Process
  Function Title
Guidance Wind Farm advice Using the Rochdale Envelope. PINS Advice Note Nine: Rochdale Envelope. February 2011
BERR Atlas of UK information renewable energy resources Renewables maps
EIA Guidance CEFAS (2004). Offshore Wind Farms. Guidance note for Environmental Impact Assessment in respect of FEPA and CPA requirements. Version 2.
Policy UK energy policy Overarching NPS for Energy(EN-1)(DECC 2011a)
UK energy policy National Policy Statement for Renewable Energy Infrastructure(EN-3), July 2011(Section 2.6)
Key contacts Applied marine science centre. Fisheries surveys and data collection Centre for Environment, Aquaculture Science(Cefas)
Marine planning fisheries and marine regulation body Marine Management Organisation (MMO)
UK government nature conservation advisory body Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)
UK government natural environment advisory body - England Natural England (NE)
UK government natural environment advisory body - Wales Countryside Council for Wales
UK government natural environment advisory body - Scotland Scottish Natural Heritage
Scotland's environmental regulator http://www.sepa.org.uk/about_us.aspx
UK government natural environment advisory body – Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Environment Agency
Other Marine Users
  Function Title
Guidance International guidance International Cable Protection Committee(ICPC) recommendations, particularly numbers 2, 3, 5, 7 and 13
UK guidance UK Cable Protection Committee(UKCPC) Guideline 06
Kingfisher Information Services Maps
Seazone hydrospatial datasets Marine maps GIS
Policy UK energy policy NPS for Renewable Energy Infrastructure(EN-3)(DECC 2011a).
UK renewable energy policy National Policy Statement for Renewable Energy Infrastructure(EN-3), July 2011(Section 2.6)
Key contacts Policy guidance and climate change. Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)
British marine aggregate industry British Marine Aggregate Producers Association (BMAPA)
Information and representation for industry. Oil and Gas UK DEAL
Past coal mining The Coal Authority
Seabed owner The Crown Estate
Fisheries surveys and data collection Centre for Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas)
Digital marine mapping Seazone hydrospatial

Onshore

Archeology and Cultural Heritage
  Function Title
Guidance Archaeological assessment process IFA standards and guidance on undertaking archaeological assessment. Institute for Archaeologists (IFA) (2008)
Paleolithic remains identification Identifying and Protecting Palaeolithic Remains: Archaeological Guidance for Planning Authorities and Developers. English Heritage (1998)
Aircraft crash sites Military Aircraft Crash Sites: archaeological guidance on their significance and future management. English Heritage (2002)
Desk based archaeological assessments Standards and Guidance for Archaeological Desk Based Assessments
Archaeology planning advice Planning Advice Note 2/2011.
Policy UK overview planning guidelines National Planning Policy Framework – Section 12: Conserving the Historic Environment
Scottish Planning policy The Scottish Historic Environment Policy (SHEP)
Key contacts UK government heritage advisory body -  England English Heritage
UK government heritage advisory body - Scotland Historic Scotland
UK government heritage advisory body - Wales CADW
UK government heritage advisory body - Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Environment Service
Planning administration Local Planning Authority
Planning authority advisor County Archaeologist
Geological value records Local Environmental Records Centre
Dust and Air Quality
  Function Title
Guidance Construction impacts on air quality Guidance on the Assessment of the Impacts of Construction on Air Quality and the Determination of their Significance. Institute of Air Quality Management (2012)
Air quality assessment for LAs Local Air Quality Management Technical Guidance. Defra(2009)
Traffic air quality impacts assessment Highways Agency Design Manual for Roads and Bridges(DMRB) screening tool. Highways Agency(2007)
Policy Air quality and planning process Development Control: Planning for Air Quality 2010 Update. Environmental Protection UK(2010)
Key contacts Environmental health enforcement Environmental Health Office
Provides guidance on personal safety Health and Safety Executive
Provides information on air quality and standards within Scotland Air Quality Scotland
Landscape and Visual
  Function Title
Guidance Landscape and visual impact assessment Guidelines for Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment (GLVIA). IEMA (2002)
Offshore wind visual impact Guidance on the Assessment of the Impact of Offshore Wind Farms: Seascape and Visual Impact Report. DTI(now BERR)(2005)
Landscape character assessment Landscape Character Assessment: Guidance for England and Scotland – Topic Paper 6: Techniques and Criteria for Judging Capacity and Sensitivity. SNH and the Countryside Agency (2002)
Photography in landscape and visual impact assessment Use of Photography and Photomontage in Landscape and Visual Assessment (Advice Note 01/11). Landscape Institute (2011)
Landscape impact of overhead lines Guidelines for the routeing of new high voltage overhead transmission lines (“The Holford Rules”). National Grid (1993)
Landscape impact of substations Guidance on Siting of Substations (“The Horlock Rules”). National Grid
Traffic impacts upon visual amenity Highways Agency, Design Manual for Road and Bridges Volume 11. Highways Agency(2012)
Policy UK overview planning guidelines National Planning Policy Framework
Key contacts UK government natural environment advisory body – England Natural England
UK government natural environment advisory body – Wales Countryside Council for Wales
UK government natural environment advisory body – England English Heritage
UK government natural environment advisory body – Scotland Historic Scotland
Local landscape officer Relevant local authority
Noise and Vibration
  Function Title
Guidance British Standard on noise and vibration control BS 5228(Part 1): Code of Practice for noise and vibration control on construction and open sites.(2009)
See also: http://www.persona.uk.com/a1elkesley/index.htm
Traffic noise level calculation Calculation of road traffic noise. DTI (1988)
Traffic noise and vibration impacts on Design Manual for Road and Bridges: Volume 11, Part 3, Section 7 – Noise and vibration. Highways Agency (2012)
British Standard on buildings and vibration BS 7385-2: Evaluation and measurement for vibration in buildings. (1993)
British Standard on people and vibration BS 6472-1: Guide to evaluation of human exposure to vibration. (2008)
British Standard on buildings and noise reduction BS 8233 Sound insulation and noise reduction for buildings. (1999)
Acceptable noise levels Guidelines for community noise. WHO (1999)
British Standard noise and residential areas BS 4142: Method for rating industrial noise affecting mixed residential and industrial areas.
Scottish government advice Planning Advice Note 1/2011: Planning and Noise
Policy National planning policy The National Planning Policy Framework (Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG), 2012)
Key contacts Environmental health enforcement Environmental Health Office
Provides guidance on personal safety Health and Safety Executive
Scotland's environmental regulator http://www.sepa.org.uk/about_us.aspx
Terrestrial Ecology and Nature Conservation
  Function Title
Guidance Ecological Impact Assessment Guidelines for Ecological Impact Assessment in the United Kingdom. IEEM (2006)
Policy UK energy policy Overarching National Policy Statement (NPS) for Energy (EN-1). DECC (2011)
UK electricity network policy NPS for Electricity Network Infrastructure (EN-5). DECC (2011)
SAC legislation Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC)
SPA legislation Birds Directive (Directive 2009/147/EC)
UK policy guidance UK Biodiversity Action Plan
UK Policy Guidance UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework
Legislation Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC) Act 2006
Key contacts UK government nature conservation advisory body – England Natural England
UK government nature conservation advisory body – Wales Countryside Council for Wales
UK government nature conservation advisory body – Scotland Scottish Natural Heritage
UK government nature conservation advisory body – Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Environment Agency
UK government nature conservation advisory body Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)
Provider of local environmental information Local Wildlife Trust
Provider of ornithological and habitats information Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
Traffic and Access
  Function Title
Guidance General best practice guidelines Best Practice Guidelines for Wind Energy Development. BWEA (now Renewable UK) (1994)
Transport assessment procedure Guidance for Transport Assessment. DTI (2007)
Road traffic impact assessment Guidelines for the Assessment of Road Traffic. IEMA (2003)
Policy UK energy policy Overarching National Policy Statement (NPS) for Energy (EN-1). DECC (2011)
UK electricity network policy NPS for Electricity Network Infrastructure (EN-5). DECC (2011)
Traffic considerations for impact assessment Design Manual for Road and Bridges. Highways Agency (2012)
New street design The Manual for Streets. DTI/DCLG (2007)
Scottish planning policy Scottish Planning Policy (SPP) he Provision of Roadside Facilities on Motorways and Other Trunk Roads in Scotland,
Key contacts Statutory consultee for developments impacting on national road network Highways Agency
National transport agency - Scotland Transport Scotland
Statutory consultee for developments impacting on local roads Local Highways Authority
Waste
  Function Title
Guidance Site waste management plans Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: Non-statutory guidance for site waste management plans
Policy Site waste management plans The Site Waste Management Plan Regulations 2008 S.I. No. 314
Issue of pollution and waste permits The Environmental Permitting Regulations 2010 (as amended)
Key contacts Competent authority for waste Environment Agency
Waste removal responsibility Local authority
Water resources and Land Quality
  Function Title
Guidance River Basin Management River Basin Management Plans (RBMP)
For further reference see: http://www.sepa.org.uk/water/river_basin_planning.aspx
For further reference see: http://www.doeni.gov.uk/niea/water/wfd/themes/riv_bsn_mngt_plng.htm
Catchment Abstraction Management Catchment Abstraction Management Plans (CAMS)
For further reference see: http://www.sepa.org.uk/water/river_basin_planning/area_advisory_groups/tweed/actions_planned.aspx
General procedures The Contaminated Land Report Series
Contaminant incidence response guidelines PPG 21 Incident Response Planning
Contaminant incidence response guidelines PPG 22 Incident Response – dealing with spills
Contaminant hazards during construction PPG 6 Pollution Prevention Guidance for working at construction and demolition sites
Water pollution from construction C532 (Control of Water Pollution from Construction Sites). CIRIA (2001)
Water pollution from construction C648 (Control of Water Pollution from Linear Construction Projects). CIRIA (2006)
Policy Control on pollutant emissions to groundwater The Groundwater Regulations (1998)
SAC Directive The Groundwater Directive 2006/118/EC
Legislation Water Resources Act 1991
Legislation Groundwater (England and Wales) Regulations 2009
Legislation The Water Environment (Groundwater and Priority Substances) (Scotland) Regulations 2009
Legislation The Private Water Supplies Regulations, 2009
Legislation The Water Environment (Controlled Activities Regulations) (Scotland) Regulations 2011
Policy Guidance Water Framework Directive (Council Directive 2000/60/EC)
The Water Environment and Water Services (Scotland) Act 2003
The Water Environment (Water Framework Directive) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2003 (Statutory Rule 2003 No. 544) for Northern Ireland
Legislates for rules regarding water body quality Water Environment (Water Framework Directive) (England and Wales) Regulations (2003)
UK overview planning guidelines National Planning Policy Framework – Section 12: Conserving the Natural Environment
UK energy policy Overarching National Policy Statement(NPS) for Energy (EN-1). DECC (2011)
UK renewable energy Infrastructure Policy NPS for Renewable Energy Infrastructure (EN-3). DECC (2011)
UK electricity network policy NPS for Electricity Network Infrastructure (EN-5). DECC (2011)
Contaminated land and remediation notices Contaminated Land (England) Regulations 2006 SI 1380
Site waste management plans The Site Waste Management Plan Regulations 2008 S.I. No. 314
Defining environmental duty of care Environmental Protection (Duty of Care) Regulations 1991 SI 2839(as amended)
Control on pollutant emissions to groundwater The Groundwater Regulations(1998)
Issue of pollution and waste permits The Environmental Permitting Regulations 2010(as amended)
Control on pollutant emissions The Environmental Damage(Prevention and Remediation) Regulations 2009 SI 153
Site investigations British Standard BS5930:1999, The Code of Practice for Site Investigations
Contaminated sites British Standard BS10175:2001, Investigation of Potentially Contaminated Sites,
Key contacts Environmental monitoring and permitting Environment Agency
Potential receptors for water contamination Local Water Company
Permitting for industrial emissions Local Authority
UK government natural environment advisory body – England Natural England
UK government natural environment advisory body – Wales Countryside Council for Wales
UK government natural environment advisory body – Scotland Scottish Natural Heritage
UK government natural environment advisory body – Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Environment Agency
Potential receptors for land contamination Water companies
Monitoring of land / water pollution Environment Agency
Contamination migration issues Neighbouring Landowners
Scotland's environmental regulator Scottish Environmental Protection Agency